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Struggling to Decide Your Career? Choose Engineering

26 July 2018 No Comment

Ask any English major, anyone with a fine arts degree or even those with business school backgrounds what they would do if they could go back and redo undergrad, and the answer will be nearly unanimous: engineering.

Engineering offers a relatively straightforward career path, high starting pay, opportunities for professional development and even a sense of satisfaction and fulfillment. If you are still uncertain what career is right for you — or if you are considering a mid-career change — you should, without a doubt, choose engineering.

However, before you enroll, you should have a good sense of the engineering field you prefer. Here’s a list of the most popular (and most profitable) types of engineering to guide you toward the best career choice possible:

Biomedical Engineers

Biomedical engineers work in the medical field to create, improve and maintain the equipment and processes used by other healthcare professionals. Biomedical engineers devote themselves to diverse tasks, ranging from developing individual prostheses to building new machines to aid in diagnosis. This field demands familiarity with a wide range of sciences, from physics and chemistry to biology and anatomy, and engineers can find work at hospitals, research laboratories, private med-tech companies and more.

Chemical Engineers

Chemical engineers are chiefly concerned with solving problems through the production or use of chemicals. This might mean developing chemical processes to improve food processing techniques, or it might mean developing new methods for creating pharmaceuticals. To perform this job, chemical engineers need to be highly skilled in math and chemistry, and they might touch other engineering fields, like biomedicine or petroleum. Because chemicals are critical in most industries, chemical engineers are highly sought-after, and they can demand sizable starting salaries.

Mechanical Engineers

Mechanical engineers are perhaps the most recognizable form of engineers because this field has existed for much longer than others in engineering. These engineers develop machines that use or generate power, like electric generators or air-conditioning systems; they focus on the physical, mechanical world, building and improving machines to solve the world’s power-related problems. In an online mechanical engineering degree program, you’ll learn how to balance principles of power against the world’s increasing energy-efficiency needs and establish yourself in a continuously prevalent engineering field.

Civil Engineers

Civil engineers are to thank for the efficiency of modern cities. The most important features of a city, including roads, buildings, tunnels, dams, bridges, airports, water supply and sewage systems, are imagined, designed, constructed, operated and maintained by civil engineers. Civil engineers often work alongside urban planners, architects, legislators and similar professionals to ensure a city functions well and safely for its population. To accomplish these tasks, civil engineers must balance hard and soft skills, gaining both during their education.

Petroleum Engineers

Petroleum engineers assist geoscientists in determining the best methods for extracting oil and gas from the earth. These engineers design drilling equipment, devise drilling techniques and monitor operations, altering drilling strategies as necessary. As with most skilled professionals in the petroleum industry, petroleum engineers command sizable salaries, but they almost always work for major oil and gas companies, which might not be ideal to many young workers.

Electrical Engineers

Electrical engineers, or double-Es as they are also known, design and develop electrical systems. Applying the physics and mathematics of electricity, electromagnetism and electronics, electrical engineers work on projects big and small — from pocket devices like smartphones to super computers and hadron colliders. Any industry involved with electrical devices has need of double-E’s, and given the relatively new interest in renewable energy and rechargeable products, electrical engineers are in even greater demand.

Computer Engineers

There are two different types of computer engineers: hardware and software. Unlike less-credentialed tech professionals, computer engineers are capable of developing complex computing machines and applications from scratch, and they often lead teams of programmers, computer scientists and similar workers. Though a degree and formal training is not necessary to find work in the tech field, computer engineers are well-paid for their extensive education and experience in creating computer components and programs.

Aerospace Engineers

Aerospace engineers create and evaluate designs for aircraft, spacecraft, satellites, missiles and any other device set to fly.  Though many aerospace engineers find employment at national air and space agencies, like NASA, most work for private organizations. This field of engineering requires rigor in physics and mathematics as well as close association with many other types of engineers, including those in mechanical, electrical, computer and materials fields.

Materials Engineers

Materials engineers, also sometimes called plastics engineers, endeavor to create new materials. They work with metals, ceramics and plastics to form the perfect substance for specific products, such as computer chips, golf clubs or biomedical devices. Materials engineers work alongside most engineers in most industries, and they are becoming ever-more popular as methods of creating new materials improve.

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